Cleaning of grains is very important like any other agri produce. This helps in avoiding an upset stomach.
This step helps the grain to get rid of anti-nutrients, and shortens the cooking time.
Similar to Soaking , this process uses natural yeasts to convert anti-nutrients into vitamins/minerals in the grains.
Roasting increases the flavor of the grain, and decreases cooking time.
Styles of Cooking
We can bake, steam, or pressure cook and consume the grains, as convenient...
Oats and, Millets are grains which have entered into modern lifestyle as healthy foods. Millets and Oats, both, are beneficial to one's health in their own way. While oats help in lowering cholesterol; Millets, taking Ragi for example, are beneficial for diabetics.
Oats have nearly 40% more protein than Proso Millet and Foxtail millet. Oats have more fibre than Barnyard millet and are richer in phosphorus and Thiamin than any of the millets.
Millets trump over oats in case of Calcium content (Ragi has close to 5.5 times calcium than Oats), and Pearl Millet (Bajra) has more than 3 times Iron content than Oats.
Oats grain is not used much in a person's daily routine; we prefer rolled ones which are readily available in the market. As oats are in flakes format they are pretty easy to cook.
Millets, predominantly available as grains and in value added forms (flakes, semolina), are gaining popularity nowadays. But recipes and awareness have not reached many people, so it remains unadopted in large quantities .
But the simple fact is that most millets can be cooked like rice. Millets can replace rice in various dishes such as idli, dosa, payasam/kheer.
The cost of a Kg of Oats is about INR 105/- to 150/-. This is of the plain variety, and the costs vary based on the flavour and version of oats that are offered. Compare this to Millets, which cost anywhere between INR 30/- to 70/-. So the value for money is extremely good for Millets and affordable by many.
Millets are wonderful crops, easy to grow during droughts, and cheap to procure. Millets are one of the oldest foods known to humans and, are also unique due to their short growing season. By eating millets, we will be encouraging farmers in dryland areas to grow crops that are best suited for those regions. Using more millets we really support our own farmers who are dependent on 50% of rain fed Indian agricultural landscape.
Amaranth is not a grain like quinoa or millet. It is a seed, but due to this seed's nutritional profile and its usage in casual cuisines, it is referred as a grain.
Amaranth is the common name for more than 60 different species of Amaranthus, which are usually very tall plants with broad green leaves and impressively bright purple, red, or gold flowers. They are commonly grown for their edible seeds. One plant can produce up to 60,000 seeds.
Amaranth has a long history and has been in use for many centuries by many different cultures. Amaranth was once a staple food in the diets of pre-Columbian Aztecs. It is grown and consumed as a leafy vegetable in many countries around the world. Amaranth is, easy to cook, highly palatable, and, can easily be included in snacks and dishes. Cooked amaranth is 90% digestible.
Amaranth contains more than three times the average amount of calcium and is also high in iron, magnesium, phosphorus, and potassium. It’s also the only grain documented to contain Vitamin C.
Amaranth is relatively rich in lysine. Most grains like wheat are short on lysine, an amino acid. This makes amaranth a complete protein because it contains all the essential amino acids. Amaranth is gluten free and good for your heart. Amaranth has shown potential as a cholesterol-lowering whole grain in several studies conducted over the past 14 years.
Amaranth can be cooked and consumed as porridge, which is a great option for breakfast. In fact, amaranth porridge is a traditional breakfast in India, Peru, Mexico, and Nepal. Its is a famous leafy vegetable in South India.
Names in other languages - Rajgeera (Hindi), Rajgiri (Kannada, Konkani, Sanskrit), Mulaikeerai (Tamil), thotakoora (Telugu). The Hindi name for amaranth, rajgeera, means “the king’s grain.” Its other name, ramdana, means “God’s own grain.”
Fenugreek (Methi) is used as a herb (dried or fresh leaves), spice (seeds), and vegetable (fresh leaves, sprouts, and microgreens).
The taste and odour of fenugreek resemble maple syrup, and it has been used to mask the taste of medicines. In foods, fenugreek is included as an ingredient in spice blends. It is also used as a flavoring agent in imitation maple syrup, foods, beverages, and tobacco.
Bitter nature of fenugreek can be changed by roasting in the pan till golden brown color. It has a huge list of benefits.
Few of them for us:-
. Fenugreek is used for digestive problems such as loss of appetite, upset stomach, constipation, and inflammation of the stomach (gastritis).
. Fenugreek has been the focus of several studies concerning the treatment of diabetes and the prevention of breast cancer. Its ability to balance hormone levels aids in treating PMS and menopause. Its antioxidants slow ageing and help prevent disease.
. Adjunct use of fenugreek seeds improves glycemic control and decreases insulin resistance in mild type-2 diabetic patients. There is also a favourable effect on hypertriglyceridemia.[http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11868855]
. Vitamin C is present abundantly in Fenugreek. It is used as a preservative in pickles.
Source from Wikipedia
. Tea made of fenugreek, lemon juice and honey will reduce fever. Applying the paste of soaked fenugreek seeds or paste of fenugreek leaves in the head and allow it to stay for 15 to 20 minutes and take a bath, this will help hair to grow with strength and glow. This will also be used to reduce dandruff.
. Fenugreek has been used in short-term to boost milk supply and generally be discontinued after milk supply is increased, as long as a mother can regularly breastfeed or pump. It contains choline which aids the thinking process.
. Pregnant women should avoid using excessive amounts of fenugreek. It may cause harm to the developing baby in the womb. Stomach ulcers, blood leaks into the blood, if the bleeding because it may maximize the number of these patients with the use of fenugreek fine.
Names in Other Languages: Fenogreco (Spanish), Fenugrec (French), Methi (Hindi), Venthiyam (Tamil), Uluva (Malayalam), Menthulu (Telugu), Methi (Bengali, Gujarati, Marathi, Oriya & Urdu), Meth (Punjabi)